Congestive Heart Failure
Statistics and data
Approximately 5 million people in the USA and 7 million in Europe suffer the disease, with a prevalence of 12.5% in people over 65 years. This results in a cost for the North American State of approximately 30,000 million dollars, a mortality rate of 131,000 people a year and a re-admission index of 30% thirty days after being released from the hospital.
One million patients in the USA and Europe are in the final stage of congestive heart failure with a poor prognosis (mortality of 40% in 2 years). Options for treatment are limited, with heart transplant remaining as the standard choice once medical treatment and surgery have failed, but only 4000 heart transplants are performed annually in the world, making it accessible to only a reduced number of patients.